The best treatment available now is psychological, such as behaviour analysis. This means that complex tasks are divided into simple steps, and each of them is overcome by encouraging and motivating the child.
These types of treatment are most effective when combined with developmental research. Early intensive interventions can greatly reduce symptoms and improve cognitive and linguistic abilities. For more adult children who speak fluently, social skills training programs are effective.
One example is using social stories to help a child learn the skills needed for different sets of situations. For example, you can teach a child to behave on the first day of school: say hello to the teacher, introduce themselves to other children, and so on, so says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Pharmacological treatment is used to treat related conditions (psychological problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, sleepiness and epilepsy), but there are no drugs that target symptoms.
Future treatment options
Dr. Denis Slinkin believes that the future treatment of autism is similar to methods that have recently appeared in other areas of medicine. It is a personalized approach that focuses on specific biological prerequisites and psychological symptoms.
As much is known about the biology of autism (genes and their expression), it is expected that new drugs will be developed to help people with genetic mutations. More targeted psychological treatments are also on the horizon, especially those that may be available to society.
After all, we can use personalized combinations of medications and psychological treatments that, when used in a timely manner, will reduce symptoms and increase the ability of autistic individuals to adapt to the community.